Everything about Vineland was the vision of one man - Charles Kline Landis. Landis was a Philadelphian trained as a lawyer who helped found the town of Hammonton on the Camden and Atlantic Railroad in when he was only 24 years old. Hammonton flourished rapidly and Landis next set his sights on creating his own town, an ideal utopian of a town.
It would be a place of verdant fields of fruits and vegetables, a land of vines.
He searched much of New Jersey and heard about a new rail line connecting Millville to Glassboro. He talked his way into acquiring 16, acres of primarily swampland from Richard Wood for no money down and no interest for three years. And land would come from Landis with strings aplenty attached. First, a house had to be constructed within one year. Speculators need not apply. Landis plotted out his land around the rail line with farms and orchards around one square mile in the center that would harbor development for factories, shops, homes, schools, churches and halls for recreation.
The streets in this core would be laid out in a perfect grid of right angles and wide - the primary roads would be feet wide. To advertise his lots he placed ads in the biggest New York and Boston and Philadelphia newspapers. He would move on to develop the town of Sea Isle City at the shore and created Landisville which he saw as the hub of a new state county.
That vision never came to pass but we will explore what became of his great experiment of Vineland and we will concentrate on Landis Avenue, which the founder staked out next to the railroad to be an extra-wide, tree-lined avenue along the lines of the Champs-Elysee in Paris The early settlers of Vineland certainly assumed they were embarking on something important.
Whereas most historical societies stake out space in restored old mansions or town landmarks, this Georgian Revival building was constructed specifically for the Vineland Historical and Antiquarian Society in The small house on the property is the first one built within the square mile of Vineland in , at the corner of East Boulevard and Landis Avenue, by Chester P.
Davis and Lester Richardson. Circuit riding preachers, many of whom were laymen, carried the Methodist message far and wide.
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Wood, Alfred Cookman, and other Methodist ministers. The gathering attracted as many as 10, people. In its early days Vineland was a natural selection for such an event as Charles Landis wanted his town to include many different faiths. He donated land and contributed money to the construction of various churches;his only requirement was that they display stylish architecture. Landis also imposed his personal beliefs on his utopia. An ardent prohibitionist, he permitted no sale of alcohol in Vineland.
One early transplant to town cut from similar cloth was Dr. Welch vowed to develop a nonalcoholic fruit juice that could be used as a communion wine. Business was not brisk, even though the town was certified as Millville - for those lumber mills - in. He quickly immersed the remaining liquid into boiling water. The confluence of a dry town and an abundance of churches seemed to bode well for his new concoction.
Proudly Welch began taking his nonalcoholic wine to local pastors. But he found the churchmen demanded only wine. In his autobiography, Thomas Welch never even mentioned its invention. By a handsome white frame church was ready just to the east of here. This is the oldest church building in Vineland, built of brick in in a combination of Gothic and Italianate styles. Bridgeton, New Jersey Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Pocket Guide.
Long considered a recreational area for the region even under ownership by the Iron Works, the property was finally purchased in by the City and preserved in perpetuity as the Bridgeton City Park. It now includes the Cohanzick Zoo , New Jersey's oldest zoo, which is free to the public.
The city suffered an economic downturn in the s with the loss of its remaining manufacturing sector jobs in glass and textiles. Agricultural employment, however, has continued to attract immigrant workers largely from Mexico but also Guatemala, creating new challenges and opportunities for revitalization. A significant minority of Bridgeton residents and their children speak Zapoteco , either as their only language or alongside Spanish.
Downtown Bridgeton includes an art gallery, second hand stores, a makerspace, and the headquarters of the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Tribal Nation. Bridgeton Main Street declared its downtown a Culinary Arts district and is highlighting downtown activity through the food and cooking-related retail sector. South Woods State Prison , opened near Bridgeton in , is the largest state prison in New Jersey and provides a range of employment.
Bridgeton is home to the Rutgers Food Innovation Center, an entry point for startup food manufacturers that allows a new company or entrepreneur to work with a specialized team from Rutgers University to develop, test, brand, and package their product. Bridgeton is located about one hour away from Philadelphia , and 50 minutes away from Wilmington, Delaware. It is also about one hour away from Atlantic City and Cape May. Bridgeton is divided into three sections, Northside, Southside and Hillside.
According to the United States Census Bureau , the city had a total area of 6.
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Unincorporated communities , localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include East Lake. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. As of , The poverty rate was Residents in the town include numerous immigrants from the south of Mexico , whose Amerindian languages include Zapotec , Nahuatl , and Mixtec. As of the United States Census , there were 25, people, 6, households, and 4, The population density was 4, There were 6, housing units at an average density of 1, The racial makeup of the city was Hispanic or Latino of any race were There were 6, households out of which The average household size was 3.
In the city, the population was spread out with The median age was For every females there were For every females ages 18 and older there were About As of the United States Census  there were 22, people, 6, households, and 4, families residing in the city. The population density was 3, The average household size was 2.
The median age was 32 years. For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were Portions of Bridgeton are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. Bridgeton has consistently had violent crime rates above the national average. In , NeighborhoodScout , a real estate analytics firm, ranked it as the 25th most dangerous city in America. It has also ranked within the top 50 several other times. Several government officials have attributed crime in Bridgeton to high levels of poverty. Council members are elected at-large in non-partisan elections and serve four-year concurrent terms of office in balloting held as part of the November general election.
The mayor exercises executive power of the municipality and appoints department heads with council approval. The mayor exercises executive power of the municipality. Up to ten departments may be created under the mayor's direction. A business administrator assists the mayor in budget preparation and administers purchasing and personnel systems. By ordinance, the business administrator may supervise administration of departments, subject to mayor's direction. The City Council exercises legislative power of municipality and approves appointment of department heads.
The council selects one of its own members to serve as its president. As of [update] , the Mayor is Albert B. Kelly, whose term of office ends on December 31, Spence, Jack Surrency and Michael D. Zapolski Sr.
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Bridgeton is located in the 2nd Congressional District  and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district. Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders , who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.
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Rainear D, Upper Deerfield Township, When officials from the City of Bridgeton heard of a state report proposing to move over 1, prisoners from Riverfront State Prison in Camden to South Woods, Bridgeton officials opposed the plans. As of March 23, , there were a total of 8, registered voters in Bridgeton, of which 2, There were 7 voters registered to other parties. In the presidential election , Democrat Barack Obama received Bush , who received In the gubernatorial election , Democrat Barbara Buono received Bridgeton's public schools are operated by Bridgeton Public Schools , which serve students in preschool through twelfth grade.
The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide,  which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
As of the school year, the district's eight schools had an enrollment of 6, students and County Route also traverses the city. Bucks Airport is located 3. Li Calzi Airport , which was located 2. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. City in New Jersey. Map of Bridgeton highlighted within Cumberland County.
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See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. New Jersey portal. Accessed May 21, Accessed September 4, Accessed June 30, Accessed August 1, Accessed March 18, Accessed March 4, Accessed July 9, Accessed January 6, Accessed July 1, Accessed December 11, Accessed December 1, Accessed October 7, Accessed July 8, Accessed July 10, Accessed November 8, Accessed August 27, United States Government Printing Office , Drawn up in , the district covers almost a quarter of the city and is the largest contiguous historic district in the state.
Called the "Plain Dealer," the hand-written paper came out weekly between Dec.