These books teach and testify of the ministry and Atonement of Jesus Christ and the rise of the early Christian Church. Elder L. We must commit ourselves to study it and treasure it! Knowing some of the main historical events between the end of the Old Testament era and the beginning of the New Testament era helps us better understand the people and circumstances we encounter as we begin to read the New Testament.
The Bible - HISTORY
The time period between the testaments can be divided into the Persian, Hellenistic, Hasmonean, and Roman periods. Persian period. The Jews who chose to return brought the Aramaic language with them from Babylon, and by New Testament times it had replaced Hebrew as the spoken language of most Jews.
After Malachi, scribes, temple priests led by the Aaronic high priest , and rabbis gradually replaced prophets as spiritual leaders of the Jewish people. Hellenistic period. Judea was one of the conquests of Alexander the Great — B. Many Jews left Judea to live in other Greek cities, furthering the dispersion of the Jewish people.
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The presence of Jewish communities and synagogues throughout the Mediterranean world later facilitated the spread of Christianity in the first century A. New occupations, such as tax collectors and hired day laborers, found their way into Jewish society during the Hellenistic period. The Jewish governing council, the Sanhedrin, was formed during this time. In the third century B. The finished translation, known as the Septuagint, was the scripture commonly used during New Testament times.
Most of the quotations of the Old Testament found in the New Testament are taken from the Septuagint. Judea lay directly between the realms of the two rivals and changed hands several times during the ensuing years. Hasmonean period.
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Believing that a complete Hellenization of the region would bring stability to his kingdom, he banned Judaism completely, including Sabbath observance and circumcision. In Jerusalem, the temple altar was desecrated with the sacrificing of swine, and an altar to pagan gods was placed over the temple altar. Though calculated to embarrass Jews and discourage observance of Jewish law, these atrocities outraged the Jewish community.
Simon Maccabeus, a son of Mattathias, became both high priest and governor of Judea, thus establishing the Hasmonean dynasty. Roman period. Over time, Hasmonean leadership degenerated into a corrupt political entity. At the time Jesus Christ was born, the Roman-appointed ruler of Judea was the Jewish king Herod the Great, who, threatened by reports of the birth of the Messiah, ordered the slaying of the children of Bethlehem age two and under see Matthew — Beginning in A.
They were first called praefectus and then procurators from the time of Emperor Claudius A. Pontius Pilate was appointed governor in A.
During the Hasmonean era, the legitimacy of the office was increasingly challenged. Under the Seleucid ruler Antiochus IV, the office was sold to the highest bidders, and Herod the Great relegated the office to a marginal role.
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But with the coming of the Roman governors, the high priest was given greater power so that the office could become a pro-Roman aristocracy. Annas was high priest from A. Annas was so powerful that several of his sons went on to become high priests. The Roman period is generally regarded as ending in A.
The events of the intertestamental period help us understand the great desire many Jews felt for the coming of the promised Messiah. After centuries of conquest and humiliation, many felt desperately that only the Messiah could rid them of foreign oppressors and reclaim their national dignity. A basic understanding of the following terms will be helpful as you study the New Testament:. The term Messiah came to indicate a specific king of Israel of the lineage of David who would one day come to save his people. The Greek equivalent of Messiah is Christos, from which comes the title Christ.
At the time of the New Testament, the people were expecting the coming of the Messiah. The area north of Jerusalem, bordering on the north and west of the Sea of Galilee. Jesus was raised in the small Galilean village of Nazareth and spent the majority of His mortal ministry teaching in Galilean towns and villages such as Capernaum, Cana, Bethsaida, Nain, and others. The area west of the Dead Sea and surrounding Jerusalem. The Savior was not as readily accepted here as in Galilee, particularly by the Jewish leaders, who were the chief priests, scribes, and elders.
The area west of the Jordan River and between Judea and Galilee. King James eventually agreed and decreed the new translation should speak in contemporary language, using common, recognizable terms. This version of the Bible was not altered for years and is credited as one of the biggest influences on the English language, alongside the works of Shakespeare.
clublavoute.ca/zeby-conocer-mujeres-separadas.php The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible. John Rogerson, ed.
The Book: A History of the Bible. Christopher De Hamel. New Testament History and Literature. Dale B. The Gnostic Gospels.
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Elaine Pagels. From Jesus To Christ. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The Devil, also referred to as Satan, is best known as the nemesis of good people everywhere. His image and story have evolved over the years, but this malevolent being—and his legion of demons—continue to strike fear in people from all walks of life as the antithesis of all Followers of Judaism believe in one God who revealed himself through ancient prophets. The history of Judaism is essential to understanding the Jewish faith, which has a rich heritage of law, Today, with about million followers, Hinduism is the third-largest religion behind Christianity and Islam.
Mormons are a religious group that embrace concepts of Christianity as well as revelations made by their founder, Joseph Smith. But the recent discovery and translation of the earliest known Latin commentary on the Gospels of Matthew, Luke, and John not Mark has shed new light on the subject. The text, The Inquisition was a powerful office set up within the Catholic Church to root out and punish heresy throughout Europe and the Americas. Beginning in the 12th century and continuing for hundreds of years, the Inquisition is infamous for the severity of its tortures and its Islam is the second largest religion in the world after Christianity, with about 1.
Although its roots go back further, scholars typically date the creation of Islam to the 7th century, making it the youngest of the major world religions. Zoroastrianism is an ancient Persian religion that may have originated as early as 4, years ago. Zoroastrianism was the state religion of three Persian dynasties, until the With about million followers, scholars consider Buddhism one of the major world religions.
The religion has historically been most prominent in East and Southeast This Day In History. New Testament canon chart during the first four centuries. Other books mentioned in the Bible. Are there lost books of the Bible? Does the Gospel of Thomas belong in the New Testament? Does the Gospel of Peter belong in the New Testament?
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